Author: Hoffman & Forde

Estate Planning with Digital Assets

Digital assets have grown massively in popularity in recent years. One need only look at the explosion of cryptocurrency and non-fungible token (NFT) trading to understand how much money is being invested in this area. With this growth has also come a new, and sometimes tricky, set of considerations for those trying to plan their estates.

What Are Digital Assets?

A digital asset is a uniquely identifiable property or material that exists only in digital (i.e., nonphysical) form and includes a legal right to use it. The term can be applied to a wide variety of properties. Here are a few common examples of digital assets:

  • Audio or video files 
  • Internet domain names
  • Photographs and images
  • Business data
  • Software
  • Cryptocurrency
  • NFTs

Questions of ownership or other legal interest can be challenging with digital assets, as they are so easily copied. For instance, downloading a logo from a website does not give you any right to use it for your own purposes, much less sell it to someone. Ownership often may be demonstrated by documentation such as a copyright, bill of sale, etc., but sometimes it is almost entirely a question of who has the password, token, or other means of accessing the asset. In terms of estate planning, it is important to establish what it is you actually own and whether it can be transferred to someone else.

Keeping Track of Passwords

One of the biggest problems with transferring digital assets after someone has passed away is surprisingly mundane: no one has the passwords to access them. The assets may be encrypted on a hard drive or server, or may require an online account login, but the decedent never wrote the passwords down anywhere. Sometimes this issue can be resolved by proving the transfer of ownership to, say, the data storage company or email provider, but that is not always possible. Cryptocurrency has become notorious for this problem. There are several examples of investors losing very large amounts of money after misplacing their password.

Therefore, a key aspect of your estate plan should be to keep track of all passwords and store them in a secure location that can be accessed in the event of your death.

Additional Considerations for Digital Assets

For the most part, digital assets are treated like any other property that makes up your estate, but there are a few specialized concerns to keep in mind. The first is that it’s important to document all of these assets. This may apply to any estate property, but it is especially easy for an executor or administrator to overlook digital assets or simply be unaware of their existence. Cryptocurrency trading, for example, is virtually anonymous, so unless you’ve told someone about your holdings no one will know about them.

In fact, cryptocurrencies present a few challenges for estate planning and administration. Despite the name, the IRS considers cryptocurrency to be property, not currency (analogous to company stocks). The value of cryptocurrencies also tends to be rather volatile, potentially creating unexpected tax consequences. It helps to keep regular records tracking the values of these assets.

Southern California Estate Planning Attorneys

Digital assets have created new and potentially lucrative investment opportunities for many people, but making sure these assets are passed on to your successors takes careful planning and organization. Our experienced estate planning attorneys can help make sure these assets end up in the right hands and minimize the tax burden on your estate. Contact our office today to schedule a consultation.

Accessory Dwelling Units in California

Accessory dwelling units (ADUs) go by a few names: an in-law house, granny flat, carriage house, backyard cottage, and more. They are increasingly popular with homeowners looking to provide a living space for family members or to generate monthly rental income.

With a housing crunch affecting much of California, the state government has a strong policy encouraging the construction of ADUs to provide more affordable housing options. Just this year, a new set of laws went into effect that incentivize building ADUs and remove many of the legal barriers that may have stopped homeowners in the past. Here is a quick rundown on accessory dwelling units in California.

What Is an ADU?

An accessory dwelling unit is an independent living space that is added on to an existing property with a single-family dwelling. An ADU can be a detached building, or an area of the original house that has been repurposed as independent living quarters. The latter type is known in California as a Junior Accessory Dwelling Unit (JADU).

State law allows for a maximum ADU size of 1200 square feet or, in the case of a JADU, no more than 50% of the square footage of the original house. For example, if the original house is 2000 square feet, a JADU may not exceed 1000 square feet. Local laws may relax this restriction, however.

Changes in State Law

 For a variety of reasons, not all counties and municipalities have been friendly to the idea of allowing homeowners to add an ADU to their property. In order to discourage the practice, local governments could enact restrictive zoning laws, make it difficult to acquire a permit, and more. Similarly, homeowners’ associations could prohibit ADUs via their covenants, conditions, and restrictions (CC&Rs).

New state laws have made it much harder to prevent a homeowner from building an ADU. For example, local governments can only restrict the construction of ADUs based on availability of water and sewer service, and the impact on traffic and public safety. If an ADU permit application has not been acted on within 60 days, it is automatically approved. CC&R’s cannot unreasonably restrict or effectively prohibit the building of an ADU. Homeowners considering adding an ADU should find it much easier now.

Accessory Dwelling Units and Property Taxes

For most homeowners, one of the most important questions is how an ADU will affect their property taxes. The short answer is: it will raise your property tax, but not as much as you might be thinking. The value of the new addition will be added to your overall property value, but it will not trigger a reassessment.

For example, if the assessed value of your property is $200,000, but the actual market value is $500,000, building an ADU valued at $100,000 will bring the total assessed value to $300,000, not $600,000.

Additional Considerations

 Besides navigating the new laws, building permits, government incentives, tax implications, and rental agreements, homeowners should also consider creating an LLC to protect their assets. If something goes wrong and a renter takes you to court, all of your assets are potentially at risk; an LLC can help reduce this exposure. It may also help you benefit from more tax deductions.

Think of building an accessory dwelling unit on your property? A consultation with Hoffman & Forde can help you do it faster and more cost-effectively, as well as minimize your legal exposure.

U.S. Immigration Policy Changes Under Biden Administration

Immigration policy in the United States has been a contentious issue for just about the entirety of the country’s existence. In recent years, under the Obama administration, then the Trump administration, and now President Biden, the government’s position on immigration is about as volatile as it’s ever been. With over 35 million lawful immigrants living in the United States (including naturalized citizens) and some 10 million or more unauthorized immigrants, these policies can have profound consequences for a significant portion of the U.S. population.

The Biden administration has already made a few significant changes to immigration policy via its executive powers, and has outlined legislative initiatives that it supports. Here are some of the highlights.

Deferred Action for Minors

Since 2001, Congress has repeatedly tried and failed to pass some version of the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act. This law would allow people who entered the United States illegally as children to attain lawful permanent resident status (a.k.a., a “green card”) and a path to citizenship. President Obama introduced a policy, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which achieved essentially the same result by an executive order to suspend deportations in such cases. President Trump attempted to reverse this policy, but was stopped by the Supreme Court.

President Biden has officially reinstated DACA and announced his support for a new DREAM Act to be passed by Congress.

Clearing Backlogs for Family-Based Immigration

U.S. law sets annual caps on immigration by country, and no single country can account for more than 7% of approved immigration visas. For countries with high numbers of immigrants coming to the United States (e.g., China, India, Mexico, and the Philippines), this has led to a massive backlog in processing applications. To give an idea, for unmarried children of U.S. citizens coming from Mexico, the government is currently processing the applications of anyone who submitted theirs in April 1998 or earlier.

Proposed legislation from the Biden administration aims to clear this backlog in a few ways, including raising the annual caps and exempting certain family-based visas from the quotas.

Increased Skilled-Worker Admissions

Under President Trump, denial rates for H-1B skilled worker visas approximately doubled. These visas are generally sought by employers looking for educated, highly specialized labor; they are very common in the tech industry, for example. The Biden administration is currently reviewing the policies that led to this increase. It is expected that acceptance rates for these types of visas will eventually go back up.

Temporary Protected Status

Immigrants from a list of 12 countries (e.g., Somalia, El Salvador, and Yemen) currently experiencing high levels of instability, violence, or other dangerous conditions can be granted a temporary reprieve from deportation, during which they may live and work in the United States. This is known as Temporary Protected Status (TPS). The Biden administration added Venezuela and Myanmar to the TPS list. Though there are relatively few immigrants from Myanmar, there are an estimated 300,000 Venezuelans in the United States who could potentially benefit from this change. TPS status for these two countries is set to expire in September 2022, but can be extended further.

Do you believe you, your family, or your business may be affected by recent changes in immigration policy? Schedule a consultation with Hoffman & Forde to evaluate your situation.

New California Laws in 2021

California has a long history of trendsetting and experimentation when it comes to its laws. Some may complain about over-regulation, but the state is often ahead of the curve. For example, when California first legalized marijuana for medical use in 1996, it was considered a drastic move; now cannabis is legal in some form in 36 states and the District of Columbia.

Though there were actually fewer laws passed last year than normal, due largely to the pandemic, there are still several important California laws going into effect in 2021. Here are a few of them.

Minimum Wage Increase

Though the federal minimum wage is still stuck at $7.25 per hour, California is going ahead with its planned increase. Starting January 1, 2021, employers with 26 or more employees must pay at least $14 per hour, while employers with 25 or fewer employees must pay at least $13 per hour. At the start of 2022, the rate will increase to $15 and $14 per hour, respectively, and by 2023 even the smaller employers must pay their California employees at least $15 per hour.

Diversity for Boards of Directors

For publicly held corporations whose principal executive office is located in California, existing state law already requires them to have at least one female director on their board (and possibly more, depending on the size of the board). By the end of 2021, these corporations also must have at least one director from an underrepresented community, meaning an “individual who self-identifies as Black, African American, Hispanic, Latino, Asian, Pacific Islander, Native American, Native Hawaiian, or Alaska Native, or who self-identifies as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender.” Larger boards will be required to include more such directors by the end of 2022.

Extension of Unpaid Parental Leave

California law already mandated 12 weeks of annual unpaid leave to bond with a new child or care for a family member, if an employee who worked at least 1250 hours in the last 12 months for an employer with at least 50 employees. Effective January 2021, this mandate applies to employers with 5 or more employees, greatly extending the right. Unpaid leave means employers must guarantee the same or a comparable position when the employee returns.

Property Tax Transfers

Californians are no strangers to high property taxes as property values have soared over the years. Normally, a home’s assessed value may only increase by 2% annually until there is a change in ownership, at which point the full property value is reassessed (likely at a much higher figure). There are exemptions for property transfers to close family members, which will not trigger a reassessment of the property’s value.

Proposition 19, narrowly passed in November 2020, limits that exemption for family members. Starting in February 2021, the exemption only applies when a family home is transferred to a child or grandchild and the child or grandchild continues to use it as a family home.

If you think these or other new California laws might affect you, contact Hoffman & Forde today for a consultation.

California Rental Agreement Laws

Rental Agreement Laws

California has some of the most complex landlord-tenant laws in the nation. There are extensive protections for tenants, as well as separate rent-control laws in a number of municipalities such as San Francisco, Los Angeles, Sacramento, and others. Residential rental agreements must clearly communicate the terms of the tenancy and abide by all applicable laws.

Faulty or poorly drafted rental agreements can create all kinds of headaches for landlords and possibly provide an eviction defense for tenants. To minimize problems in the future, we highly recommend that property owners consult with a real estate attorney when creating their rental agreements.

Basic Terms of a Rental Agreement

Every rental agreement for a residential property should include these key terms at the very least:

  • Names of All the Tenants – It’s also a good idea to include an occupancy limit and identify what happens if additional people come to live on the property without notifying the landlord.
  • Physical Address of the Property
  • Rental Period – Identify the time period the lease will last (commonly 6, 12, or 24 months). Also state whether it will become a month-to-month agreement after the initial period expires. Note that, under California law, the tenancy will automatically continue month-to-month if the landlord accepts rental payment.
  • Rent Amount
  • Rent Payment Details – Identify when the rent is due, where and to whom it should be paid, the method of payment, and late fees.
  • Security Deposit Information – In California, the security deposit may not exceed the value of two months’ rent (three months if the property is furnished).
  • Utilities Payment – Identify which party is responsible for the payment of utilities such as electricity and gas.
  • Maintenance and Repairs – Identify which party is responsible for maintaining and repairing the property.
  • Pet Policy – Clearly communicate the policy on pets, including what types of pets are allowed and the responsibilities of the tenant.

Tenant Protection Act

Passed in 2019, the Tenant Protection Act made significant statewide changes to California landlord-tenant law, including adding just-cause termination requirements and restrictions on rent increases. Here is a brief summary of the major changes.

Once a tenant has occupied a property for 12 months or more, the landlord may only terminate the tenancy for “just cause.” Just cause can include failure to pay rent, material breach of rental agreement terms, criminal activity, and more. There also “no-fault” causes to terminate, such as when the owner or the owner’s immediate family wishes to occupy the property.

Under the rent-increase provisions, in any 12-month period a landlord may not increase the rent by more than the rate of inflation (defined by the Consumer Price Index) plus 5%, or a total of 10%, whichever is lower. A number of dwelling types are excluded, such as single-family homes and buildings that are less than 15 years old.

Landlords must disclose these changes in the law to existing and new tenants by written notice or in an addendum to the rental agreement.

Consult a Landlord-Tenant Attorney

In this complex and always-changing legal landscape, it is crucial to have expert advice. Our team of Southern California real estate attorneys can help you draft a rental agreement that makes sure your interests and property are protected. Schedule an appointment today.

What You Need to Know About Adverse Possession

Adverse possession, sometimes called squatter’s rights or squatter’s law, is probably the most contentious way to acquire title to real estate. It has existed in some form or another for thousands of years, going back at least to the time of ancient Rome, eventually arriving in the United States as part of the English common law tradition.

It amounts to a kind of “hostile takeover” of someone else’s property, taking it from the original owner without payment. Though often imagined as someone acquiring a large piece of land by underhanded means, in reality adverse possession claims are far more likely to involve a border-line dispute between two neighbors.

A successful adverse possession claim in California must prove all of the following:

Hostile Claim – The occupier (the person without title) must possess the land against the interests of the owner, i.e., without their permission.

Actual Possession – The occupier must be physically present on the property, taking care of it as if they were the owner.

Open and Notorious Possession – The occupier’s possession of the property should be plain for anyone to see, serving as a kind of notice to the owner. What constitutes open and notorious possession will depend on the type of property, but common examples are enclosing it with a fence or constructing buildings.

Exclusive and Continuous Possession – The occupier must be the sole possessor of the property for at least five years, and their possession must be uninterrupted. For example, if the occupier was on the property for four years, then left for six months, and returned, the clock on the five-year period would start over again.

Payment of Taxes – The occupier must pay all state, county, and municipal taxes levied on the property. This serves as another type of notice to the owner. Payment must be made in a timely manner, meaning the occupier can’t simply pay off five years’ worth of taxes all at once.

Resolving an Adverse Possession Case

As stated above, a typical adverse possession case doesn’t involve an intentional scheme to take over someone else’s property, but rather a neighbor encroaching on the border line. Often these situations can be resolved amicably (depending on the neighbor), but other times it’s more complicated, such as when it’s the neighbor’s house that is on the wrong side of line. The parties may be able to negotiate a transfer of title, but sometimes litigation is the only option.

During the five-year period required for an adverse possession claim, the occupier is continually trespassing on the owner’s property. This means the owner can simply file for eviction. Even if the occupier had built some structure on the owner’s land, they would have to remove it.

If the five-period has already passed, either the occupier or the owner can initiate an action to quiet title, in which the court will decide who the rightful owner is. The burden is then on the occupier to prove every element of their adverse possession claim. It’s a difficult case to win, as courts don’t like taking property from the original owner. If the occupier does win, they receive title to the land and have full rights as the new owner.

The Importance of Having a Real Estate Attorney

Adverse possession cases are complex and the stakes are high for the parties involved. No matter which side of the dispute you are on, it is critical to have an attorney with expertise in real estate matters. They will be able to review deeds and other property documents, get an accurate survey of the property boundaries, and properly evaluate the adverse possession claim in light of all the facts.

If you are involved in a real estate dispute such as adverse possession, don’t hesitate to contact our experienced team of Southern California real estate attorneys.

 When Do You Need a Real Estate Attorney?

Real estate can be tricky. Even the average home purchase can be overwhelming in the sheer number of details that must be attended to. For most people, real estate is the financial largest investment they’ll ever make. It is completely normal for something to come up that leaves you wondering whether you should hire a real estate lawyer. We’ll go over some of the common situations where it might be best to have professional legal help.

Buying or Selling a Home

One of the most frequently asked questions in this area is, “Do I need a real estate attorney to buy or sell a house?” Some states legally require that real estate transactions be reviewed by an attorney—California does not. Formal requirements aside, whether or not you need an attorney depends on the situation.

As an example, consider an ordinary house purchase. Both the buyer and seller have great real estate agents, the house is in good condition, there are no liens on the property, etc. Do you need a real estate lawyer in this situation? Probably not. Bear in mind, though, that as the value of the property goes up, or if you are from out of town/out of state, it becomes a better idea to hire an attorney just to make sure everything is in order.

It is definitely more advisable to use a real estate attorney if there are any non-standard issues surrounding the transaction. For buyers, these non-standard issues can include:

–        The home is owned by the bank

–        It’s being sold as part of an estate sale

–        There are tenants currently living on the property

–        The land is in a flood zone, tornado-prone area, etc.

For sellers, common issues include:

–        The home is part of a divorce settlement

–        It’s part of an estate of which you are the executor

–        A short sale (selling for less than you owe on the mortgage)

–        Liens on the property

–        Major physical damage to the property

The list could go on and on, but the key point is this: Anything out of the ordinary should drive you to reach out to an attorney and better understand what you’re getting into. Of course, many people would prefer to avoid the cost of hiring a lawyer, but when considered as a fraction of the total price of the home and how much trouble (and money) it can save you down the road, it’s really a minor expense.

Real Estate Disputes

Whether you are a homeowner, a renter, or an HOA director, there are a wide variety of legal disputes that can pop up and disrupt your life. These range from seller non-disclosure issues to prescriptive easements to property title claims. For anyone involved in a real estate dispute and whose home or property value is on the line, we recommend contacting an attorney immediately. Any delay could prejudice your case due to statutes of limitations and other filing deadlines.

Contact a San Diego Real Estate Attorney Today

If you’re asking yourself whether you need a real estate attorney, chances are you should at least sit down for a consultation. Contact our office today to set an appointment.

Real Estate Disputes

What You Need to Know About Real Estate Disputes

There are few areas of the law that touch on our emotions so deeply as real estate disputes. This is because they often lie at the intersection of two very important aspects of our lives: our homes and our personal finances. Though people may prefer to resolve them quickly and informally, the underlying issues can be complex and passions can flare up quickly. In these cases, the best option is usually to hire an experienced real estate dispute attorney.

Types of Real Estate Disputes

Here are a few of the most common legal disputes people encounter when it comes to real estate:

Purchase Disputes – These real estate contract disputes pop up after the deal has been signed, and sometimes well after the buyer has taken possession of the property. They often revolve around a claim that the seller misrepresented or failed to disclose a material fact. For example, the seller may have neglected to mention an environmental problem or other information that affects the value or use of the property.

Property Ownership Disputes – Sometimes multiple parties simultaneously claim ownership of a property. For example, one owner performs a survey of the boundaries of their property and subsequently claims that part of the neighbor’s home is actually on their land. In such a case, there may be little room for informal negotiation.

Nuisance Claims – One owner may claim that the actions of another are interfering with the reasonable use and enjoyment of their property. These can vary widely, from excessive noise to environmental pollution. For example, if a homeowner has a view of the ocean but a proposed construction project will block that view, the owner may seek to stop construction or receive compensation.

Homeowner Association (HOA) Disputes – HOA agreements can serve a variety of purposes, including obligating owners to maintain a certain level of care or appearance in order to keep nearby property values stable. Disputes often arise when an owner wishes to do something that is alleged to be prohibited by covenants, conditions and restrictions (CC&Rs) or contests a special assessment against their property.

Landlord/Tenant Disputes – Both landlords and tenants commonly have claims against each other. These include nonpayment of rent, breach of lease agreement, and habitability issues (unhealthy conditions, failure to make repairs, etc.).

Resolving Real Estate Disputes

The best approach to real estate dispute resolution is to prevent the issues from coming up in the first place. Hiring a legal professional early in the process, such as during a real estate purchase, can help owners catch issues early and keep them from growing out of control.

Sometimes a dispute is unavoidable, though. In these cases, owners may wish to keep the case out of court through some sort of alternative dispute resolution like mediation. This approach has the advantages of being generally faster and less adversarial. Attorneys can fill the role of mediator and/or represent the parties in negotiations.

If a dispute requires litigation, all parties should have assistance of counsel. The factual and legal issues are likely to be complex, and too much is at stake to go it alone.

San Diego Real Estate Dispute Attorneys

If you are involved in a real estate dispute, our experienced attorneys can help you resolve the matter in a cost-effective manner. Schedule a consultation today.

What Is the Statute of Limitations for Unpaid Wages?

If you have not received unpaid wages from your employer, it might take some time before you begin to notice. This is especially likely if you worked flexible hours at different rates and had variable paychecks. When you do discover the discrepancy, it is important to hire a lawyer for unpaid wages and begin to build your case.

Employers know there is a statute of limitations and will often try to drag negotiations out so that the time expires before you can be paid. The statute of limitations differs based on the circumstances, but the time ranges from one year to four years.

What Are California’s Statutes of Limitations?

In California, the state’s Department of Industrial Relations encourages workers to file claims in a timely manner. These are the time restrictions provided by the department for filing wage claims:

  • Within four years if you have a written contract
  • Within three years for violations related to overtime, minimum wage, meal breaks, unpaid rest, unpaid reimbursements and illegal deductions
  • Within two years if you received an oral promise to be paid more than the minimum wage
  • Within one year if you were charged penalties for a bounced check or if you did not receive access to your payroll records

Where Can Workers Get Information To Build a Case?

Before hiring an attorney for unpaid wages, it’s important to gather all the necessary information you can. If you are not sure what information you need, consider the following tips from the Department of Industrial Relations.

Track Your Paychecks

Most medium-to-large employers provide electronic access to your paystubs online. If you work for a smaller company, you might only receive a physical printout of your pay stub. Keep copies of this information. You might need them to show the money you received versus what you should have been paid. If you do not have access to this, check your bank account for checks cashed and direct deposit payments.

Add Up Hours Worked

Unless you are a salaried worker, how many hours you spent on the job will make a difference in your claim. Hours can determine not just whether you received the right total for each hour worked but also whether you qualify as a full-time worker or should receive any special benefits or bonuses.

Gather Employer Information

You need important information about the employer to file your claim with the Labor Commissioner’s Office. This includes the address and name of the company or individual. You should find this information on the paystub, product labels or mailing labels. If the names do not match or you are unable to find the information, write down your employer’s license plate number.

How Can Workers Choose the Right Lawyers for Their Cases?

When choosing an employment law attorney for unpaid wages, choose an experienced professional who is willing to go up against corporations. You also need professionals who are accustomed to cooperating with government agencies to complete your case.

At Hoffman & Forde Attorneys at Law, we are proud to provide cost-effective services to workers in Southern California. Schedule your consultation today.

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What You Need to Know About Business Legal Advisory Services

Business legal advisory services are a lot like preventative medicine:  people have a tendency to put them low on their list of priorities, but when a problem does arise everyone wishes they had done more to prevent it. At the heart of what a business advice lawyer does is prepare for worst case scenarios, and hopefully keep them from ever happening. 

Consider a few examples of how a business attorney can play a crucial role at different stages of your company’s lifetime.

Business Formation 

Whether you are starting a sole proprietorship, a corporation, or a nonprofit organization, the decisions you make at the formation and planning stage will have ramifications far into the future. It is critical to work closely with a business attorney throughout the process. 

The issues to be addressed here are numerous and diverse. Are your personal assets protected? How much control will investors have over the company? How can tax exposure be minimized?

Or take for example a partnership with two owners. The business starts out great, but over the years the situation changes. Personal relations become strained, the partners have differing visions for the company, or one of them simply wants out of the partnership. It’s important to have the assistance of a business advisory lawyer who can plan for these contingencies without pointing fingers. 

Contracts and Compliance

Your business is established and growing. Revenues are up, you have more employees, and maybe you’re thinking of expanding operations. You may not need in-house counsel, but you should definitely have your lawyer on speed dial by this point – someone who is already familiar with your business and can help keep things running smoothly.

As businesses grow, contracts tend to become more complicated. Rather than simply signing boilerplate agreements, now you may have more leverage to negotiate. Contract law is a jungle unto itself, however, and custom-tailored contracts require expertise to ensure you are covered in all situations. Contractual disputes can be similarly complex, and your business generally is best served by quickly handing them over to your attorney.

Compliance and liability issues also take on increased importance as the financial stakes go up. Anything from workplace accidents to digital security breaches can send a business reeling. An experienced attorney who is up to date on the latest changes in the law can help you establish best practices in order to prevent problems and keep your company protected when they arise. 

Succession

You’ve built the business from the ground up, but now you are ready to retire, or you want to establish what happens to the company if you die. Succession can be complicated and requires careful legal planning. A thorough valuation of the business is needed, as well as transfer instruments that will pass muster in court if necessary. Consulting with an attorney to create a clear succession plan helps ensure that your wishes are respected and the company can continue to thrive for years to come.

Consult a Business Attorney

Whatever stage your business is at, the attorneys at Hoffman & Forde are ready to provide comprehensive legal advisory services. Schedule a consultation today.